Chris Lowney — What Jesuit Spirituality Can Teach Us About Global Leadership

Chris Lowney

born 1958 in New York
a writer, public speaker, and leadership consultant.

Chris Lowney chairs the board of Catholic Health Initiatives, one of the nation’s largest healthcare/hospital systems with some $19 billion in assets. He is a one-time Jesuit seminarian who later served as a Managing Director of J.P. Morgan & Co in New York, Tokyo, Singapore and London until leaving the firm in 2001. He is a popular keynote speaker who has lectured in more than two-dozen countries on on leadership, business ethics, decision-making and other topics.

He is the author of four books. Heroic Leadership, a #1 ranked bestseller of the CBPA, was named a finalist for a 2003 Book of the Year Award from ForeWord magazine, has been translated into eleven languages, and was named to the Commandant of the Marine Corps recommending reading list. He is also author of Heroic Living, and A Vanished World – Chris was featured in the PBS-aired documentary, “Cities of Light,” which echoed many of that book’s key themes. His latest work, Pope Francis: Why He Leads the Way He Leads, has been called, “an invaluable gift,” and “a book for the ages.”

He served as volunteer founding president of Jesuit Commons, an innovative collaboration which offers online university education in refugee camps in Africa and elsewhere. He conceived and co-founded Contemplative Leaders in Action, an emerging leader formation program now active in a half-dozen cities. He founded Pilgrimage for Our Children’s Future, which funds education and healthcare projects in the developing world.

He is a summa cum laude graduate of Fordham University, where he also received his M.A. He is holder of five honorary Doctoral degrees.

In 1983, Chris Lowney left the Jesuit seminary he had been studying with from the age of 18 to work as an investment banker and then managing director for J.P. Morgan. Since leaving the bank in 2001 he has written four books and has been involved in a number of philanthropic efforts, including chairing the board of Catholic Health Initiatives, America’s second largest not-for-profit hospital and healthcare system. 

Much of Lowney’s writing on leadership, business ethics and decision-making attempts to bring the lessons of Jesuit practice to bear on leadership challenges in the worldly spheres of business and politics. His most recent book, published in 2013, is an examination of the leadership style of Pope Francis. Andrew Wrobel sat down with Chris during the European Executive Forum held in April in Warsaw, to talk about the challenges of leadership in the world today, in particular the problems that European and Central and Eastern European leaders face.

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You’ve said that everyone has the traits of a leader. What do you mean by that?

There are different ways we can understand the word ‘leader’. The usual way people tend to think of it is in a hierarchical way: who is the leader? The one who is in charge, the boss. But if you look at the dictionary, you can also find another definition: the one who points the way and influences others. By this definition, everybody is showing some leadership. In other words, even the lowest ranking person in the company might be leading, by pointing out the company’s values — values of integrity, excellence and hard work. They might be having influence only on one person nearby or one customer, but they’re still leading. Increasingly, we have a kind of superstar culture where the only thing we think about is the number one — the top person, the super celebrity.

But strangely, in the environment like we have now, which is very complex and changing quickly, you need exactly the opposite. In other words, the president of the company cannot make all of the decisions. In countries like Estonia, Poland and the Czech Republic, you need people in all areas who are showing leadership.

And do you think you can learn to be a leader? 

In the hierarchical sense of the word, I think there are natural gifts that some people have that others don’t. Some people are naturally better at giving a talk to a large group of people, for example. But in terms of leadership in the more general sense, everybody is showing good or bad leadership all the time. And everybody can show better leadership simply by becoming conscious of what their opportunity is right now. They can ask themselves, ‘where do I have influence?’ On one person? On 20 people I’m selling to? On my own family? What is my opportunity and how do I take advantage of it?

So whilst in the hierarchical sense of leadership some things can be learned and other things are just a matter of natural talent, in the more general sense that I define leadership, I think that everybody can and must think about their leadership style and improve it.

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In the past you’ve said that leaders have four traits: self-awareness, heroism, ingenuity, and love. Could you elaborate on those?

I can define each of those briefly.  At one point I was a Jesuit seminarian, and then I worked for J.P. Morgan. In the first book I wrote I was trying to reflect on all of that experience and pick out the qualities that we find in effective leaders. And the four things I spoke about were as follows. Good leaders tend to be, firstly — self-aware. In other words, they have a sense of their own strengths and weaknesses, their own values, their outlook on the world.

Secondly, they have ingenuity — the will to constantly change. Only people who can keep changing and adapting can lead well. And thirdly, they have heroism. When I say heroism I don’t mean being famous or saving someone’s life in battle, but the more basic idea of heroism as something to do with self-sacrifice. In other words, you have to motivate yourself with goals that are bigger than your own ego. Fourth and finally, I spoke about love, which means treating people in a way that respects their human dignity and potential.

You’ve just mentioned an episode in your life — your time in a Jesuit seminary. How can the teachings of St. Ignatius be relevant to people today beyond the religious sphere?

Here I could talk in a philosophical or theoretical way, but instead let me talk in a very practical way. Here’s one very specific example. The Jesuits have this practice that I learned in seminary which, when I do business seminars, I often translate into a technique that anyone can use, regardless of their beliefs. I tell people this: every day you should take a couple of mental breaks — say five minutes after lunch or five minutes at the end of the day — and do just three things. First, remind yourself why you’re grateful as a person. Second, lift your horizon.

We tend to go through whole days only thinking about what’s right in front of our nose. Why not ask instead ‘why am I here on earth?’ Why not ask ourselves ‘what’s the most important thing for me to do?’ And third, revisit the last few hours in your mind and take away some lesson from it. Let’s say that during the morning you were distracted or irritated. Think about what was going on — think about why you were distracted or irritated, and derive from this lesson that you can use in the next few hours.

This very simple practice is highly relevant to the lives we all have to lead nowadays: we’re floating on a river of emails, meetings, taxes, and phone calls. We are absorbed by external stimuli. We are not absorbed by the really important things. So, this practice is an example of a technique that, for Jesuits, would be a religious one, but which could easily be adapted for anyone, in any walk of life, with any belief.

Is that the message of your book Heroic Living? Are you trying, in that book, to teach people to make better use of their lives, to plan their careers better?

Yes. In Heroic Living I discuss how the modern world has become very decision-intensive. Today we all have to make lots and lots of decisions. A hundred years ago, when it came to your career, perhaps you just did what your family was doing. You didn’t have a very large set of options to choose from. But now everybody has one hundred and one choices of career.

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Many people today — particularly the young — will have three, four, five, ten jobs.  We have to make more and more decisions, but the ‘technology’ for making those decisions is not very good, so to speak. A lot of people just do what their friends are doing or the first thing that comes into their mind. In Heroic Living, I introduce people to techniques that will help them make these important life decisions.

So, coming back to your life experience for a moment, what makes a Jesuit Seminarian change career and join a corporation? I’m speaking about your time at J.P Morgan, of course.

I joined the seminary when I was 18 years old. And while I was there, at a certain moment I became unhappy. And we don’t need unhappy priests — just like we don’t need unhappy lawyers or unhappy bankers. Of course, I think it’s a very beautiful vocation. But it’s not a vocation for everyone.

One of the central precepts of the Jesuits is to think about our internal state in the profoundest way. The founder of the Jesuit order, St. Ignatius of Loyola, would often say that if you’re fundamentally happy and peaceful then that’s a good sign that you’re on the right track in your life. If you’re fundamentally unhappy, then maybe you need to think about what you’re doing. So I decided that this was not the right path for me in life. At that time I was teaching economics at a Jesuit high school. I left and got a job in a bank. In the beginning that was just to have a job — to make some money. But in the end I was happy with the career so I stayed there for a long time.

What has been people’s reaction to your Jesuit background, both at J.P. Morgan and later on in your career?

I guess people’s reactions are a product of their own backgrounds. Sometimes people would assume that since I had been trying to be a priest I must be very ethical, trustworthy, someone who is good to do business with. Well, I felt good if they felt that way. But frankly, I found that many of the colleagues that I worked with in J.P. Morgan, although they didn’t study at a seminary like me, were nonetheless very principled, ethical people.

Reactions also differed based on where people came from. In Poland, for example — which is one of the countries in the region your publication covers — it’s still very common for people to become priests. In the United States, conversely, it’s not so common. So maybe someone from the States would just think ‘oh wow, this guy is a little strange’ or something like that. Everybody has a different reaction.

What do you think about leadership in business and politics in Europe right now? What’s your opinion about the situation with the multiple crises and so on?

Well, I am no expert on Europe. But, speaking from my own limited perspective, I feel like we have a crisis in leadership in Europe and in much of the rest of the world. How do people perceive their leaders? If you look at surveys right now in the United States and in many other countries, people have a very low level of confidence in leaders.

For example, in the United States, less than 15 per cent of people say they have a great deal of confidence in political leaders, business leaders, and religious leaders. That’s terrible. Why is that?

I think, in some ways, it’s not really the leaders’ fault. Because we’re now in an environment that’s very complex. Things change too quickly; we have very extremely complicated problems which people expect their leaders to solve very simply in two months. Our expectations are unrealistic.

Having said this, I also feel that leaders deserve this low confidence, to some extent. Because we have too many leaders who claim they’re doing things for the good of the people, when in reality it’s basically about power. They’re not patriots — they are self-interested — interested in money, status, and privilege. We have difficult problems that call for risk-taking and imaginative ideas. And sometimes, the solutions leaders are offering are very fearful, closed, old ideas.

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Western Europe has comparatively good leadership. But Central and Eastern Europe is a region which is relatively young in terms of the free market and democracy. Do we have real leaders here or are we still waiting for them to establish themselves?

I don’t know these individual cases enough to make comments, but I would say this: a challenge many leaders face in Central and Eastern European economies is that the world is now so much more global than it used to be. There are so many more factors that are not really within their control. To put it one way, if the United States has a cold, then Poland or the Czech Republic gets pneumonia. A leader in Poland, the Czech Republic, or Lithuania cannot 100 per cent determine the destiny of their country or their business, because they are so subject to the changes in the global economy and geopolitics.

Additionally, I think they have the challenge of trying to convert people to a completely new mindset. Many of these countries are coming from very different economic and social models than in the past, and have very abruptly transitioned to new models. I have some admiration for that, because I don’t know how the United States could adapt if a whole population had to very quickly change its mindset on how to organise society.

Your latest book is about Pope Francis. In response to the migrant crisis in Europe, the Pope is encouraging everyone to help the refugees. Do you think he’s strong enough to be heard all over Europe and the world, on this point and also more generally? I ask because it seems he is making some statements that are very different from those made by his predecessors.

You ask a deep question that could have many different kinds of answer, so let me answer it in a couple of different ways.  One way to answer is specifically on the issue of immigrants or refugees. Let me put on my Christian hat for a moment. I feel that Pope Francis is speaking in a prophetic way. In other words, he’s just saying that this is what the gospel teaches us and anyway, the family of Jesus were refugees. When Jesus was a baby they went to Egypt and some family took them in.

In Europe the refugee issue has been a fierce debate. In the United States it’s also a debate but it’s not as fierce, because we don’t have people coming in on our shore. But to take an example: one of our Presidential candidates makes a big point of waving a Christian flag, trying to get people to vote for him because he’s a Christian. Then he also says, in terms of refugees, that we should accept only the people who help our economy. And speaking for myself as a capitalist who worked in an investment bank, I can understand that this is a very logical economic viewpoint. But when I wear my Christian hat, I know that economics has nothing to do with it. The point is to help anyone you can.

So, I’m fully aware of the economic and political difficulties that the refugee scenario is presenting in Europe right now, but I also have to admire the Pope because he doesn’t just say the easy thing. He says what he feels must be said. And he’s not a stupid person, so I’m sure he understands that what he’s saying will cause unpopularity for him. And I admire that, I must say.

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Talking about the Pope more generally, you called your book on him Why He Leads The Way He Leads. So how does he lead?

From a leadership perspective, I feel that he’s acknowledged that the Catholic Church faces challenges in many countries. People are not interested in religion — especially not young people. Religion is decreasing in popularity all the time. Participation is falling in many, many, countries — Poland being maybe one of the few exceptions in the whole world. And I guess the Pope is saying, let’s face facts and start behaving differently — in a way that could be of interest to young people. Remember at the beginning of our conversation, I said leadership is about pointing the way. I feel that the Pope is pointing out the strategic direction for the Church.

But in addition to pointing the way I also mentioned in my definition of leadership the importance of influencing others.

And as a challenge for his leadership, I think the real question is — how influential has he been in changing the ship to be more effective? And that to me is an open question. I think if we could forget about the religious angle and put it in terms of any human organisation — the challenge for the hierarchical boss is always whether or not they can build a leadership. I would say you need about 20 per cent of the influential people in the next level down of the hierarchy to strongly support your direction, and that’s  enough to get things going. And I don’t know if he really has a leadership coalition in place yet to carry his ideas forward.

And finally, how do you see the future of leadership in the coming decade? How will they behave? Will we still have leaders?

Somehow I am hopeful, though I can’t exactly explain why. I feel that the job of leaders is so much more difficult now because the problems are complex, things are changing quickly, and also everything is much more public and transparent — the Panama papers fiasco is a good example of that. In the old days, the leader of a company or a country could make their decisions in a corner where nobody knew about it and nobody questioned it.

But now it’s becoming a much more transparent world, and I think this is very healthy for leadership. If things are out in public then you must be accountable and explain why you made the choice you did and you can’t have secrets anymore. And in the short term, this is all creating a lot of dislocation. We have leaders who are used to the old ways, who are not good at dealing with complexity, but somehow I am hopeful that a new generation of leaders will respond to the challenges of the environment and be able to take us forward. Ultimately I’m hopeful.

 

(photos: courtesy of the European Executive Forum)

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Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, Eastern Europe, 29th June 2017: view to the Parliament Building in Chisinau, Moldova

The Reality in Romania Exposes False Perceptions Of The Country

Lithuania Handed Top Marks for Business Services

Beautiful panorama of Vilnius Old Town taken from Gediminas hill; Lithuania

Czech Land Prices Continue to Increase

farm land

Fish in the Bath and Other Christmas Traditions

Christmas Market On The Dome Square With Riga Dome Cathedral In Riga, Latvia. Christmas Tree And Trading Houses With Sale Of Christmas Gifts, Sweets And Mulled Wine. Famous Landmark.

P&O Maritime Enters Ukrainian Market

Logistics and transportation of International Container Cargo ship and cargo plane in the ocean at twilight sky Freight Transportation Shipping

Visegrad Group Looks East

Efficient Innovation: Entrepreneurship in Bulgaria

Beautiful photos of modern buildings under blue sky. Europe, Bulgaria, Sofia.

Albania’s Construction Sector Supports the Country’s Growth

SARANDA, ALBANIA - MAY 18: View of the city Saranda, most important tourist attraction of the Albanian Riviera on May 18, 2017 in Saranda, Albania.

Hungary’s Solar Dreamer

hand sun and blue sky with copyspace showing freedom or solar power concept

Emerging Europe’s Economies Are Booming

Czech Republic Approves 2018 Budget

Ten czech crown coins money on black marble background

EU Membership and Transition into Market Economies Have Helped CEE Achieve Social Progress

Poland Must Preserve Wilson Spirit

Poland Stays Cool on Euro Adoption

Euro cash and Zloty on one photo.

Western Ukraine Could Be an Entry Point into the Country

Estonia: Europe’s Little Technological Giant

The Polish Government’s Mid-Term Report: Must Do Better

Front of finance ministry in Warsaw Poland with a fountain framing the entrance. Could be used for images about Euro currency problems

Do Your Homework First and Starting Business in Poland is Easier

Bulgarian Capital Pulls Above Its Weight

sofia

CEE Lags in Business Connectivity

ANIS romanian ICT

ArcelorMittal Kryvyi Rih Gets EBRD Boost

Landscape with two mine head frames . Ukraine, Kryvyi Rih, Iron-ore mine Gvardeiskaya. An autumn sunny day with blue sky. Complex for Mining

Romania is Haemorrhaging Doctors

Friendly female doctor hands holding patient hand sitting at the desk for encouragement, empathy, cheering and support while medical examination. Bad news lessening, compassion, trust and ethics concept

Automotive and Transport Companies Dominate the CEE Region

Car bodies on the production line inside automobile factory

PE and VC Investment In CEE Is At an Eight-Year High

venture capital

Sunday Trading in Poland Under Renewed Threat

Albania’s Economy Not Benefiting From Largest Oil Reserves in Region

WEF: Emerging Europe Ready for the Future

robotic machine tool in industrial manufacture plant,Smart factory industry 4.0 concept.

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Focussing on Stability and Business Climate

Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina - August 23 2015. View of Miljacka River in Sarajevo city

EU Triggers Article 7 Against Poland

CRACOW POLAND - JULY 23 2017: Another day in Cracow thousands of people protest against violation the constitutional law in Poland. Defense of the triad of division of power free election and independence of the highest court in Poland

Still Potential for Growth in CEE as Economies Stabilise

Bulgaria Ski Resort Plans Concern WWF

Bansko, Bulgaria - December, 6, 2015: Two Bansko cable car cabins and snow mountains peaks

Young Georgians Make Their Mark at Emerging Europe-EBRD Event

maximilien lambertson at emergeing ebrd outlook on georgia

Belarus Introduces New Business-Friendly Auditing Procedures

MINSK, BELARUS - AUGUST 15, 2016: Aerial view of the southwestern part of the Minsk with Palace of Sport and old and new other buildings. Minsk is the capital and largest city of Belarus.

Go East

How Did We Get Here?

Amazing Panorama to City of Plovdiv from nebet tepe hill, Bulgaria

Romanian Opposition Unites Against ‘Crime Syndicate’ Government

Bulgaria Eyes Azerbaijani Gas Deal

Yellow gas pipes in natural gas treatment plant in bright sunny summer day

Romanian Inflation Hits Four-Year High

supermarket, prices, inflation

CEE Tech Growth Continues: Poland and the Czech Republic Lead the Way

technology

World Bank’s Doing Business Report 2016 Resume For Emerging Europe

IMF: Institutions Key to Sustainable Growth

IMF

Why Was Zapad-2017 So Important?

russian tank belarus zapad

Ask for Georgian Campaign Set to Expand Abroad

Traditional Georgian carpet. Carpets with typical geometrical patterns are among the most famous products of Georgia.

Hungary Today: Potential and Challenge

Chain bridge on Danube river in Budapest city. Hungary. Urban landscape panorama with old buildings and domes of opera

Romanian National Bank Hikes Interest Rates

BUCHAREST ROMANIA - MAY 25 2014: The National Bank of Romania (BNR) building palace designed by Albert Galleron and Cassien Bernard.

Romanian Transport Infrastructure Failures Pile Up

Cernavoda Romania - June 20 2012: Construction works at the A2 highway connecting Romania's capital Bucharest to Constanta.

CEE Playing Catch Up on R&D Spending

science, r&d

Poland’s Flying Circus

airport poland

Albania’s Economy Booms Despite Political Infighting

Panorama view to the city Tirana Albania

Kraków: Officially Emerging Europe’s Most Elegant City

Krakow. Image of Krakow Market square, Poland during sunrise.

The Peculiar Growth of Poland

KRAKOW POLAND - JUNE 2017: logo of Galeria Krakowska shopping center.

Cabinet Reshuffle In Poland Sees Controversial Ministers Axed

Sarajevo Stock Exchange Connected to SEE Link

sarajevo stock exchange

Hungary Seen as Riskiest Country in CEE

risk

Poland Set for New Expressways, But Problems on the Roads Remain

poland roads

Baltic Bank Merger May Tempt Polish Heavyweight

DNB Bank Vilnius

Jadranka Joksimović: Serbia Takes Its Candidacy of the EU Seriously

bigstock-Joint-Press-Conference-Of-Serb-155400338.jpg

GSA Names Ukraine as UK’s Offshoring Destination of the Year

map of ukraine emerging europe

EU to Fund New Poland-Slovakia Gas Pipeline

slovakia-poland gas pipeline

More Brexit Fears As the UK Proves To Be A Needed Member

City of London view from Waterloo Bridge. This view includes: St. Paul`s Cathedral The Gherkin Tower 42 and Blackfriars Bridge.

Polish Convenience Store Sector Booms

All for One, and One for All

GE

Trans Adriatic Pipeline Will Fuel Albanian Growth

Xanthi. Greece - July 30 2017: aerial view of construction of gas pipeline Trans Adriatic Pipeline - TAP in north Greece. The pipeline starts from the Caspian sea and reaches the coast of southern Italy

Valga and Valka – Where Estonia and Latvia Work Together

Valga valka emerging europe

Poland Is Set To Become a Large Economic Zone

Aerial view over the building materials processing factory. View from above.

Lithuania Wants to Bring Home its Skilled Workers

VILNIUS - FEBRUARY 25: Many people choose books at the indoor book

Mixed Results for Emerging Europe in New WEF Equality Report

wef

Georgia’s Growth Continues

Batumi, Adjara, Georgia - May 27, 2016: Batumi, Adjara, Georgia. Gogebashvili Street Road And Marine Station Or Maritime Station Building Batumi On Background

Growth Continues for State-Owned Azerbaijan Airlines

Azerbaijan Baku - September 16 2015: View of the Heydar Aliyev International Airport sign in Baku Azerbaijan. The airport is the home of Azerbaijan Airlines the national flag carrier.

Toyota Announces 400 Million Zloty Polish Investment

toyota

Why the Baltic States Should Reject the Nanny State

man smoking a cigarette Cigarette smoking Cigarette with smoke

China Agrees to Build High-Tech Business Park in Serbia

BELGRADE SERBIA - SEPTEMBER 29 2016: View on the city center and the junction of Rivers Sava and Danube in Belgrade Serbia.

Digital Business Space Gives All Businesses an Office in Sarajevo

Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina - August 24 2015. View from Vraca Memorial Park with building of Avaz Twist Tower

‘Traditional Values’: A Potent Weapon Against LGBT Rights

gay rights putin

21st century Manufacturing Arrives at Great Stone

Great stone

Romanian Cyber Security Firm Valued at 600 million US dollars in Private Equity Swoop

cyber security

Putin Urges Belarus to End Oil Transit Through Lithuania

Athens Greece - May 27 2016: Russian President Vladimir Putin delivers

Belarus Steps Up Liberalisation of Business

belarus

Emerging Europe Back on Track to Convergence

wiiw

ICT Given Huge Boost in Belarus

MINSK, BELARUS - AUGUST 15, 2016: Aerial view of the southwestern part of the Minsk with Palace of Sport and old and new other buildings. Minsk is the capital and largest city of Belarus.

Kosovo: A Population of Talented Young Entrepreneurs Waits at Europe’s Door

Investigations Into the Corrupt Ukrainian Fuel and Energy Sectors

Ukrainian money hryvnia. The national currency. Corruption in Ukraine

Tech Giant Expands Romanian Operations

HSBC Reports CEE Growth Surge in Q3

romania national bank

Ukraine Is Offering Europe Unique Combat and Technological Experience

Kaczyński Defends PiS Record

EU: Consumption Still Driving Growth

Slovenia Sets Green Vehicle Deadline of 2030

ljubljana

Polish Shoppers in Hunt for Eggs

eggs in rack

World Bank: Western Balkans Need to Speed Up Growth For Faster Convergence

world bank

Serbia Drafts New Competition Law

serbia belgrade flag

Prospering Czechia Still Needs a Bigger Workforce

prague emerging europe

Continental Launch Largest Ever Lithuanian Greenfield Investment

kaunas lithuania

Czech Election Result Could Delay Euro Adoption Until 2025

czech banknotes nominal value two and five thousand crowns on white background. 300 000 Kc is approximately 12 450 US dollars (USD) or 11 100 Euro (EUR)

Czech Republic Raises Interest Rates

czech koruna

Estonia Leads Baltics in Cutting Sugar in Food and Drink

Erste Group: Public Debt Falling Across CEE

erste group

Estcoin: Estonia’s Own Digital Currency?

1 euro coin money (EUR) currency of European Union Estonia over blue background

Poland’s New PM Defends Attacks on Justice System

warsaw supreme court

Bulgaria’s Bitcoin Mystery

bitcoin bulgaria

SEE Link — Sharing SEE Europe’s Hopes for a Brighter Investment Future

Skiing in Emerging Europe

gudauri ski georgia

Estonia Posts EU’s Highest Inflation Rate in November

Rising food and grocery store prices is estonia and cost of living concept. Man counting food and consumer goods money with pen, paper and calculator at home. Budget of disadvantaged and low income family.

Poland’s Q2 2017 Growth Is Stronger Than Expected

WARSAW, POLAND - MAY 07, 2016: Building Palace of Culture and Science among the modern buildings of the city

Poland & Ukraine Should Join Outsourcing Forces

outsourcing

Steep Jump in Georgian Exports

container ship in import export and business logistic.By crane Trade Port Shipping.cargo to harbor.Aerial view.Top view.

Beyond Borders: Immigration Within the EU

refugees immigrants

Košice Business Matchmaking Event Brings in Hungarians

kosice, slovakia

Poland’s Business Constitution Must Be Finalised

Front of finance ministry in Warsaw Poland with a fountain framing the entrance. Could be used for images about Euro currency problems

Warsaw Rising: The Polish Capital’s Skyline Gets Even Taller

varso

Slovenia: An Optimistic, Export-Led Economy with First-World Problems

Big cranes in port of Koper in Slovenia

Japanese PM Announces Western Balkans EU Initiative

TOKYO JAPAN - Apr 06 2016: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe during his meeting with President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in Tokyo

CEE Nation Brands Still Behind Western Counterparts

TALLINN ESTONIA- JUNE 17: View of the modern high rise buildings on border with an old part of the city on June 17 2012 in Tallinn Estonia

Lviv Is the Pearl and the Soul of Ukraine

Bulgaria Keen on Euro Adoption

FRANKFURT GERMANY - MAY 16 2014: Euro Sign. European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for the euro and administers the monetary policy of the Eurozone in Frankfurt Germany.

Ukraine to Restart Privatisation to Realise Profits

Pricatisation electricity ukraine

The End of Poland’s Shale Gas Eldorado

Georgia’s Sweetest Export Targets EU & Japan Expansion

Kiwi fruits growing on the branch on autumn

Mixed Results for Emerging Europe in Legatum Prosperity Index

prosperity

Romania’s PM Resigns

BUCHAREST ROMANIA - June 29 2017: Romanian Prime Minister Mihai Tudose during a swearing-in ceremony at Cotroceni palace in Bucharest capital of Romania June 29 2017.

Chickens Blamed for Romanian Budget Deficit

Two white chickens or hens inside a chicken coop or hen house seen through chicken wire.

After Economic Shocks Armenia Plans for Macroeconomic Stability

yerevan armenia minister of finance

Budget Chaos Hits Romanian Leu

Different Romanian Lei Banknotes on the table

Polish Labour Market Deficits Are Impacting All

Construction site with crane and building. Construction site in western europe - in Poland.

Growth Increase Offers Glimmer of Hope for Moldova

chisinau

Romanian Car Maker Dacia Sees Sales Boom

Sables d Olonne France - May 07 2017 : Dacia Tour 2017 is a commercial operation organized by the car builder in order to present its cars throughout France - Close-up on cars

Latvian Deputy Prime Minister Highlights Riga’s Potential

riga

Poland to Switch from Emerging to Developed Market by September 2018

warsaw stock exchange

Economic Confidence Rises Across Eurozone

Budapest’s Property Boom Goes Nationwide

building

Czechs Hold Emerging Europe’s Most Powerful Passport

One in Five Poles Unaware of Source of Funds for 500 Plus Programme

Deloitte Upsizes Its Emerging Europe Cyber Intelligence Team

Computer security concept. Virus in program code

Lithuania Gives Innovation a StartUp

MILAN ITALY - MAY 2: People visit Lithuania pavilion at Expo universal exposition on the theme of food on MAY 2 2015 in Milan.

Bulgaria: Real Estate’s New Frontier?

Chinese Electric Car Maker Seeks Emerging Europe Base

zhi dou d2

What Went Wrong in Ukraine – And When?

Double Ratings Agency Boost for Bulgaria

Larisa Manastirli: Where is Bulgaria After Ten Years in the EU?

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