All posts by Karolina Zubel

Karolina Zubel

About Karolina Zubel

Karolina Zubel is a project manager at the Centre for Social and Economic Research (CASE) in Poland. She focuses on EU funded research and innovation actions in the energy and environmental fields, both in the EU and its neighbouring countries. Prior to joining CASE, she worked for demosEUROPA, Polish Institute of International Affairs as well as Global Issues and Counter-terrorism Division of the European External Action Service. She is a graduate of University of Warsaw, Sciences Po Paris and London School of Economics and Political Science.

Europe at Odds over OPAL and Nord Stream 2

Despite the uneasy relations between Europe and Moscow, Gazprom’s gas supplies to European consumers set a new record in 2016. Still, Russian gas imports to the EU is a heavily politicised issue that is often attacked from the viewpoint of the security of supply or the environment. While the Nord Stream 1 project was completed with EU backing, and mainly because of the gas crisis which left several EU countries in the cold during 2009, the pipeline’s expansion has left European powers divided. Continue reading Europe at Odds over OPAL and Nord Stream 2