The European Union has witnessed a dramatic political shift in the last few years. The 2013 elections in Italy were won by an anti-establishment party formed by a comedian. In Spain, a new party, formed by anti-establishment professors is leading in the polls. In France, a nationalistic and anti-establishment party enjoys massive popularity. In Greece, nationalists and populists won the elections in January 2015. Anti-European rhetoric helped Conservatives win the most recent elections in the United Kingdom. At the same time, Scottish nationalists scored a massive victory. Now the UK will run a referendum whether it should leave the European Union. There are similar numerous examples in Hungary, Finland, Germany and other European countries.