Budget Chaos Hits Romanian Leu

Different Romanian Lei Banknotes on the table

Business and opposition leaders, trade unionists, small firms and even local councils across Romania have condemned an emergency ordinance (OUG) passed by the country’s government on November 8 which transfers the responsibility for paying social contributions from employers to employees. It is claimed that the changes, which take effect from January 1, 2018, will lead to additional costs for business and may mean that workers take home less money each month. Some companies may even be forced to lay workers off. The Romanian currency, the leu, moved past the psychologically crucial 4.6 lei to the euro barrier even before the OUG had been formally approved, hitting its lowest level for over five years.

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Emerging Europe to Record Positive Growth Across the Board in 2018

coins growth

All 23 economies of emerging Europe are set to record positive growth in 2018, led by Georgia, whose GDP is seen as growing by more than 4.2 per cent. Even Azerbaijan, whose economy has contracted for the past two years, is seen as returning to modest positive growth in 2018. The regional outlook is stable, but a couple of places, notably Romania, are giving cause for concern.

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Baltic States to Launch Combined Capital Market

capital markets

The finance ministers of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania announced on November 6 that they had agreed to create a pan-Baltic capital market to strengthen their economies and stimulate investment. Toomas Tõniste (Estonia), Dana Reizniece-Ozola (Latvia) and Vilius Šapoka (Lithuania) signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Brussels in which the three countries agreed to harmonise capital market regulations and dismantle investment barriers. All three Baltic States suffer from a number of constraints caused by the relatively small size of their markets: the agreement should help them overcome such limitations.

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Poland’s Flying Circus

airport poland

Less than six years ago, Warsaw had only one airport — Okęcie — which has recently been expanded and in 2016 handled a record number of 12.8 million passengers. Today, there is Warsaw Modlin, located 40 kilometres north of Poland’s capital, served mainly by Ryanair flights, and Radom, about 100 kilometres south of the city, which opened three years ago at the cost of 120 million złotys (27.8 million euros) and recently lost its only regular carrier. Now the government is planning another airport in Stanisławów, some 45 kilometres west of Warsaw. The cost of the investment is estimated at 20 billion złotys (4.6 billion euros) and the first plane is scheduled to take off in mid-2027.

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IMF Urges Croatia to Speed Up Reform


The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has urged Croatia to accelerate the pace of structural reforms in order to improve competitiveness and mid-term growth prospects.

“Croatia’s convergence process has slowed down compared to its peers,” Elisabetta Capannelli, World Bank country manager for Croatia and Slovenia tells Emerging Europe. “Key reforms include those that would help create a favourable and predictable business environment and overall reduce the presence of the state in the economy, making it much more effective when companies should remain in public hands,” Elisabetta Capannelli, World Bank Country Manager for Croatia and Slovenia tells Emerging Europe.

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