With bagels making a delicious comeback in Lithuania’s capital and a number of traditional Jewish celebrations becoming part of city life again, there’s a sense that Jewish culture is experiencing something of a rebirth in Vilnius. This has got many people looking back at the city’s historic ties with its Jewish, or Litvak, community. And though the time machine has yet to be invented, it’s now possible to travel back to a past when Vilnius was known as the Jerusalem of the North. Unlocking the Jewish cultural heritage deeply embedded into the city’s streets, buildings, and history has just become a lot easier thanks to the new free guide entitled Discover Jewish Heritage in Vilnius.
Go Vilnius, the official development agency of the City of Vilnius, created the guide as a convenient way for anyone to learn about the country’s best-known Litvaks, uncover well-known memorials, and find the hidden gems of the local Jewish culture and its traditions.
Even though Lithuania lost most of its Jewish population living in the country during World War II, the old Jewish inscriptions on buildings, the legendary doctor Zemach Shabad, the only synagogue in Vilnius which managed to survive the war without significant damage, and many more inspirational stories of hope are alive in Vilnius today. As such, the year 2020 will be known as the year of the Vilna Gaon – the great Lithuanian Rabbi and Litvak religious leader – as well as the year of Lithuanian Jews.
“Vilnius has been home to many talented Litvaks: writer Romain Gary, painters Samuel Bak and Michael Kikoine, poet Moyshe Kulbak, violinist Jascha Heifetz, and many more now-famous Jewish artists were inspired in Vilnius. Even though a lot of the buildings and places have significantly changed since World War II, we are proud to gather all of the most important places and cultural references into a guide for everyone to discover this impressive cultural legacy that lies at the heart of Vilnius,” said Inga Romanovskiene, director of Go Vilnius.
The rich pre-war Jewish culture and the subsequent tragedy that was the Holocaust are interconnected in the guide, which puts forth a tangible tale of the best and the worst of times. Nevertheless, the concept of home marks every story and there are many famous Litvaks to help recount them.
The extensive guide – available for download online at www.vilnius-tourism.lt and in printed format at Vilnius Tourist Information Centres – is a great resource for independent travellers, curious historians, and those looking to gain more insight into a community that has had such a significant influence on the city. It tells a story of Jewish Vilnius and guides travellers through the streets with narratives that will bring them back in time.