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Back with a bang: Energy M&A set to increase in 2024 after lacklustre year

The vast majority of energy-focused corporates and private equity senior executives say M&A opportunities among Europe’s energy companies will increase over the next 12 months.

After a lacklustre start to the year, M&A activity in Western Europe’s energy sector is set to pick up the pace, according to European Energy M&A and Investment Outlook 2024, a new report by global law firm CMS, published in association with Mergermarket. 

In H1 2023, just 12.6 billion US dollars worth of deals were announced, less than half the 29.9 billion US dollars logged in the same period in 2022. Yet a sizeable majority of corporate and private equity (PE) senior executives (82 per cent) say opportunities among Europe’s energy companies will increase over the next 12 months. 

Corporates are notably optimistic, with 87 per cent expecting better prospects. PE executives – many of whom have remained busy over the past few months, with three of the top-10 deals of H1 2023 by value involving PE firms – are also looking ahead for opportunities, with 67 per cent saying conditions will improve and the remainder that they will stay the same. 

“Overall, while some sense a recent softening of the market due to the fundamentals, such as supply-chain volatility and commodity price increases, our survey paints a picture of steadily improving investor sentiment in Europe’s energy sector, laying the foundations for a busier period ahead for M&A,” says Munir Hassan, Head of the CMS Energy & Climate Change Group. 

Given this consensus, it is unsurprising that respondents overwhelmingly expect either to increase or maintain their levels of investment in the energy sector over the next 12 months. Nearly two-thirds (64 per cent) plan to increase their spending, while 33 per cent will maintain their current outlays. Just three per cent expect to divest from the sector. 

Solar and storage lead the way 

In line with the focus on transitioning energy systems, solar and storage emerge as the most attractive subsectors for investors active in the European market. Solar is ranked as the top opportunity by 34 per cent of respondents, and 70 per cent cite it in their top three. The need for batteries and storage as energy systems move towards more intermittent sources of power is evident, with 57 per cent of respondents ranking this among their top-three most attractive subsectors. 

South West Europe primed for M&A activity 

Echoing sentiment about the most attractive subsectors, the top region in Europe for energy investment is South West Europe, with 41 per cent of respondents putting this in first place. A region of high solar irradiance, there is plenty of scope for growth in solar energy. While installed solar power capacity is currently more concentrated in Northern European countries, Italy, Spain and Portugal are catching up. 

Supply chain and financing risks top challenges 

There may be plenty of energy opportunities on the horizon, but these also come with challenges. Chief among them is supply-chain risk: 72 per cent of respondents cite this as a top-three obstacle. Supply-chain disruptions have continued to mount post-pandemic as demand for renewable technology components and raw materials has surged.  

Cited by 70 per cent as a top-three challenge, financing risk is the second biggest issue for respondents. This naturally reflects the elevated interest rate environment and the increased level of caution among banks and other financiers as economic conditions remain uncertain. 


The stage is set for robust investment and M&A activity in European energy over the next 12-24 months and beyond as the interim net-zero deadline of 2030 approaches. The rest of this decade will be a period of profound change across the sector, with dealmaking playing a vital role in reshaping and transforming the energy mix, repositioning existing assets and developing new infrastructure. 

About the survey 

In Q2 2023, Mergermarket surveyed 30 senior executives from energy companies and private equity (PE) firms based in Europe, the Americas and Asia-Pacific regions about their expectations for M&A and investment in the European energy sector in the year ahead. All responses are anonymous and results are presented in aggregate. 

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