News & Analysis

CEE’s entrepreneurs remain cautiously optimistic

Robotic hand accessing on laptop the virtual world of information. Concept of artificial intelligence and replacement of humans by machines.

After several years of strong growth, leaders of private businesses in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are cautiously optimistic about the future, optimism that appeared highest in Croatia, says the PwC Central and Eastern Europe Private Business Survey 2019.

However, economists worldwide are warning of a slowdown, while business leaders are growing increasingly concerned about talent and skills shortages, and how they may hamper growth.

According to PwC, companies that see digital transformation as the key to unlocking the next stage of growth have a fighting chance of growing faster when the next upturn comes. Yet many private businesses in CEE are just at the initial stages of digitalisation. Only 35 per cent of respondents appear to have a more sophisticated take on digitalisation, seeing it as a way to develop end-to-end digital solutions that ultimately meet customer needs. On the other hand many company leaders see digitalisation as a technical fix to solve specific issues in areas such as supply chains, when there are benefits to viewing it as a holistic strategy to transform an entire company, especially at a time when the economic cycle demands reinvention and renewal in preparation for the next era of growth.

Only 23 per cent private businesses in CEE plan to allocate more than five per cent of their investment to digitalisation, compared with 39 per cent in more technologically advanced parts of Western Europe. Slovenia had the highest planned rate of investment, with 31 per cent of private businesses investing more than five per cent in digitalisation.

PwC had high praise for Romania in its adoption of what it calls the essential eight technologies (Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, robotics, Internet of Things, blockchain, drones, 3D printing, Virtual Reality). Romania leads the region in its use of AI, AR, blockchain, drones, VR and 3D printing. This relatively high use of advanced technologies in Romania may reflect the emergence there of a vibrant tech ecosystem of start-ups, accelerators and funding hubs, no doubt boosted by the country’s zero tax rate on personal income for software programmers.